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Dangote Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Complex, Lekki, Lagos, Nigeria

dangote-logoThe Dangote Refinery Complex located in Lekki Free Zone (LFZ), Lekki, Lagos consists of four different projects:

  1. The refinery
  2. Fertilizer plant
  3. Petrochemicals Plant
  4. Gas Pipelines & Plant

The Engineering, Procurement and Construction, EPC, Contract for the Fertilizer Plant was awarded to Saipem of Italy. For the refinery project the award of Basic Engineering Design and Optimization has been made to UOP, of the Honeywell Group of USA, and award of Project Management Consultancy has been made to Engineers India Ltd, a Government of India Undertaking. Dangote Refinery will be the largest privately owned refinery in Africa.


The Refinery

Dangote Refinery is the largest single train refinery in the world, occupying an area of 2,135 hectares with capacity of 650,000 BOPD, and can produce 59 million litres of gasoline (petrol), 20 million litres of aviation fuel/ kerosene, 29 million litres of diesel per day. The refinery is expected to be mechanically completed in 208, and come on stream by 2019. By comparion, the total demand for petroleum products in Nigeria as at 2014 is 48 million litres of gasoline, 8 million litres of kerosene, and 9 million litres of diesel per day, produced from an input of 411,000 BOPD. Hence, the Dangote refinery will produce more than the current requirements and supply of petroleum products in Nigeria.

dil-refinery-and-petrochemical-integrated-complex-refiningThe refinery is designed to process Nigerian crude mix, African crude mix, Arab Light and some American crude. Hence, flexibility is built into the crude input, to minimize risks that may occur due to disruptions in Nigerian crude supply. Hence the refinery can handle not only sweet light crude, but also sour crude and heavier crude. 2 crude oil Single Point Mooring (SPM) buoys to be located within the deep sea  will be used for unloading crude oil from ships ranging from Aframax to Ultra Large Crude Carriers (ULCC).

In terms of sales, the petroleum products from the  refinery is expected to supply both the domestic and international markets, hence 3 product SPM buoys, also to be located within the deep sea  were designed to allow for evacuation of products to SUEZMAX vessels (tankers) to deliver to international markets, in addition to facilities provided to evacuate by road. Both the road and sea evacuation facilities are designed to be 75% each of the production capacity. The SPMs can be also used to supply other parts of Nigeria including Port Harcourt, Warri and Calabar via shuttle tankers. Some other marine-based projects related to the refinery project includes 2 x 48’ subsea crude pipelines with interconnections,  4 x 24” subsea products pipelines, and about 120 km subsea pipelines. The refinery products are also designed to meet Euro V grade, which is the highest standard in the world, hence they can be exported to any part of the world.

dangote-refinery1 The refinery plant is expected to cost about $12 billion, and is expected to yield about $5.5 billion per annum of foreign exchange (forex) earnings from export, and $7.5 billion per annum of forex savings through import substitution to the Nigerian economy.

The Fertilizer Plant

The fertilizer plant consists of twin train, with each single train having a capacity of 1.5 million tonnes per annum of Urea and Ammonia which makes each of them the largest train available in the world. Hence the total capacity of the plant is 3 million tonnes per annum, and it sits on an area of 500 hectares. The plant is expected to come on stream by 2018.

The feedstock for the fertilizer plant is expected to be sourced from part of the gases from the twin 550km plant also being constructed by Dangote. However, if the gas pipelines is not ready by the time the fertilizer plant is commissioned, the gas being currently supplied by NGC to the Obajana Cement Plant in Kogi State will be diverted for its use, and the cement plant will be powered by coal. The plant is expected to cost about $2 billion.

The Petrochemical Plant

The petrochemical plant is expected to produce about 1 million tonnes of polypropylene.

The Gas Pipelines and Gas Plant

The gas plant will be supplied by two parallel 550Km gas pipelines, with the first phase 550km pipeline expected to start delivering gas by 2018. The subsea pipelines will create a corridor for evacuation of trapped gas from offshore platforms in Nigeria to allow their monetization. The pipelines can handle up to 3 billion standard cubit feet (3 Bscf/d) of gas per day which is about the same volume currently exported by Nigeria, and three times the volume supplied to the domestic market now.

The gas pipeline will run from Bonny through Olokonla to Lekki in Lagos. The gas to be processed will be treated at the Gas Processing Plant which will also be located within the Dangote Refinery Complex. See more information about the Gas Pipeline Project here.

Relevant Textbooks:

1. Oil & Gas Company Analysis: Upstream, Midstream and Downstream

2. Oil & Gas Company Analysis: Petroleum Refining & Marketing

3. Petroleum Refining in Nontechnical Language

4. Oil Refineries in the 21st Century: Energy Efficient, Cost Effective, Environmentally Benign

5. Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, Fourth Edition

6. Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

7. Petroleum Refinery Process Economics

168 thoughts on “Dangote Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Complex, Lekki, Lagos, Nigeria

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  6. Appeal has gone to President Muhammed Buhari to kindly accord Kogi State
    its right status as an oil producing state following the exploration of oil
    in Echeno and Udeke all in Ibaji local government council of
    the state.

    The appeal was made yesterday by Kogi State House of Assembly following the adoption of Hon. John Abah (Ibaji constituency) Motion appealing to the state government to
    expedite action in ensuring the declaration of Kogi State
    by the Federal government as an oil producing state.

    Abah’s motion was coming on the heel of a youth group in the
    State; Concern Youth Group throwing their back on the assembly resolution urging the Federal Government to declare the state as an oil producing state, saying giving the Kogi State an oil producing status will end the hostility
    between Anambra and Kogi State.

    According to the legislator’s motion, “Late Prince Audu Abubakar, the former Governor of Kogi State, on 18th July 2001 conveyed a letter to the Group Managing Director of NNPC notifying the Corporation of discovery of crude oil in Ibaji Local Government Area of the State.
    “Therein the same missive, he requested the corporation to carry out a thorough investigation to
    determine the extent of the deposit. Even though the preliminary investigation carried out by the NNPC
    was not published, it is no longer in doubt that there
    is oil deposit in Ibaji Local Government Area.

    “Consequent upon this, it may interest this august Assembly to know that Orient Petroleum Resources Limited made three offers to Kogi State Government when the company arrived on the scene for oil exploration.

    “The details are to wit:1. That the Government of Kogi State should appoint a Liaison to be a link between the Government
    and the company. 2. That the Government of Kogi State should allocate a
    land to her to use as her depot. 3. That the Government of Kogi State should buy a
    share of at least N500, 000,000 in the company.

    “Even though the State Government has not taken up the shares, the company confirmed in its official website that the Kogi State Government has granted the other two requests of appointment of Liaison Officer and allocation of land.

    “All these point to the fact that the area in dispute belongs to
    Kogi State. Whereas, pertinent questions requiring responses are whether
    Kogi State should shut its eyes and not assert its God given position in the comity of oil producing States, or as a State, which
    is almost bereft of good revenue sources
    to augment on its IGR, action should not be expedited to boost its economic fortune?

    “No doubt, oil discovered in Kogi State will bring about total transformation of the State in economic and social development, industrial growth, employment, trade and commerce, infrastructural development and so on.”

    Abah therefore prayed the house to resolved; that a strongly
    worded appeal be made to the Federal Government of Nigeria, to declare Kogi State as an oil
    producing State in Nigeria; That the State Government should as
    a matter of urgency inaugurate the Kogi State Chapter of Oil Producing Host Communities of Nigeria”.

    He also prayed that an appeal be further made urging the State Government to set up a Special Unit or a Department to oversee the activities of the oil companies in the State; and that the National Boundary Commission be also called upon to fast track the process of demarcation of Kogi/Anambra and Kogi/Enugu Boundaries.

    The Speaker, Umar Ahmed ratified the legislator’s prayers and passed the motion.
    The group on their own said, “It is in our view that the only thing that
    can end the killing of innocent lives, destruction of property in the area is the declaration of Kogi State by the Federal government of Nigeria
    as an oil producing state.

    “Orient Petroleum Resources PLC (OPR), having been granted licenses – OPL 195 and OPK 916 by the federal government of Nigeria and has been lifting crude oil from Ibaji local government area of Kogi state, has fully drilled 4 Oil wells from its activities within Kogi, Edo and Anambra states.
    These oil wells numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4 were named Anambra River wells. Evidentially, Wells Number 3 and 4 are located in Ibaji Local Government of Kogi State.

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